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COMMON PHEASANT Latin (Phasianus colchicus L., 1758; formerly also P. cochlinus) - medium-sized, usually resident (however males may migrate) gallinaceous bird, living in the delta of the Volga River, South and Greater Caucasus and from Iran to Manchuria and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula. Introduced in all over Europe (in the south from the ancient... more
GREY PARTRIDGE Latin (Perdix perdix ) - resident gallinaceous bird, inhabiting almost all Europe and Central Asia. In the mountains it can live up to 2500 m above sea level (in the Tatra mountains up to 1700 m). It was brought by people to North America. Its population oscillates greatly, the number of the birds depends on the harshness of winter and weather... more
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GREY PARTRIDGE

Latin (Perdix perdix ) - resident gallinaceous bird, inhabiting almost all Europe and Central Asia. In the mountains it can live up to 2500 m above sea level (in the Tatra mountains up to 1700 m). It was brought by people to North America. Its population oscillates greatly, the number of the birds depends on the harshness of winter and weather in June and July, when the nestlings clutch, which are very sensitive to wet and cold.

Characteristiscs
Hardly visible sexual dimorphism. Head and neck are olive-green, cheeks red. Back is grey-brown with small rusty and black horizontal stripes. Small long white marks on the shoulders and wings. Breast and underside are gray with a subtle, wavy design, there are broad, rusty, vertical stripes on both sides. A rusty mark on white breast in the shape of a horseshoe (hardly visible in females, often incomplete). Rectrices are rusty-brown, but the middle pair is grey-brown. Fawn pinions with rusty marks. Bare skin covered with warts around the eyes, especially visible during mating season.

Average size
body length ca. 29-35 cm win span 52-57 cm weight ca. 350-450 g.

Biotope
Fields and balks with trees or bushes.

Nest
NOn the ground, well hidden between plants. During the incubation, when in danger, the female rises from the ground at the last moment.

Eggs
One clutch a year. In April or May the female lays 10 to 20 (very rarely up to 24) eggs. It happens that after losing the clutch a second one is laid. (in August at the latest)

Incubation
The eggs are incubated for 23-25 days by both parents.

Food
Plants, in summer also insects. Invertebrates are the main source of food for the nestlings.

Protection
Gamebird (hunting season: 11 October - 25 November. For the sake of population control, grey partridge can be hunted to 15 January.



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