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COMMON PHEASANT Latin (Phasianus colchicus L., 1758; formerly also P. cochlinus) - medium-sized, usually resident (however males may migrate) gallinaceous bird, living in the delta of the Volga River, South and Greater Caucasus and from Iran to Manchuria and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula. Introduced in all over Europe (in the south from the ancient... more
GREY PARTRIDGE Latin (Perdix perdix ) - resident gallinaceous bird, inhabiting almost all Europe and Central Asia. In the mountains it can live up to 2500 m above sea level (in the Tatra mountains up to 1700 m). It was brought by people to North America. Its population oscillates greatly, the number of the birds depends on the harshness of winter and weather... more
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COMMON PHEASANT

Latin (Phasianus colchicus L., 1758; formerly also P. cochlinus) - medium-sized, usually resident (however males may migrate) gallinaceous bird, living in the delta of the Volga River, South and Greater Caucasus and from Iran to Manchuria and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula. Introduced in all over Europe (in the south from the ancient times), North America, Japan, the Hawaii and New Zealand.

Characteristics
Many subspecies have been acclimated in Poland over years, hence the great variety of birds in our country. Males – usually green head with a metallic shining and two small red patches, bare red skin around the eyes, white ring around the neck of various width. Rusty yellow back with purple shining, brown-black shiny top, light plumage at the end. Multi-coloured shoulders with scale-like design, top brown-black, grey plumage at the end. Black breast. Yellowy-brown tail with black markings, significantly long. The female is smaller, with gray-red back with irregular, cross stripes, breast is lighter, almost without markings. Darker specimens are quite common, they are more green, purple or brown.

Average size
body length ca. 68cm - 80cm wingspan 68cm - 85cm male weight up to 1,5kg female weight up to 1kg.

Biotope
Open areas with many bushes, field edges and river thickets.

Nest
On the ground, under grass and branches. One clutch per year, in May. 10 to 12 eggs (exceptionally up to 18).

Incubation
The eggs are incubated for 24 days by the female only.

Food
Plants, enriched with insects, such as potato beetle, in summer.

Protection
Gamebird with close season.



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